|Built in 1915, the Broadview Hotel at 2060 Florence Boulevard operated for several decades.|
Much the same as today, Omaha was culturally segregated in the early 20th century. That included its hotels.
Spectacular stories about wonderful early hotels didn’t include African Americans. Places like the Grand Central Hotel, the Cozzens Hotel, the Herndon House, and later, the Fontenelle, the Blackstone, and the Flatiron Hotel were all segregated, prohibiting Black people from staying in their storied hallways.
|This is the Walker Hotel at 2504 Charles Street.|
The only option for Black people was to own their own hotels.
According to a 1938 interview with Henry W. Black from the U.S. Congress, around 1890 the first hotel for African Americans in Omaha was opened and run by a Mr. Lewis at 10th and Capitol Streets, and was owned by a Mr. Adams.
|An 1917 ad for the Warden Hotel, located near downtown Omaha.|
From 1936 to 1966, Omaha had several hotels friendly to African Americans listed in The Negro Motorist Green Book. They were presumably Black-owned, too. Black musicians, actors, and performers stayed at these hotels, as well as Black businesspeople and other travelers.
According to an interview conducted by the University of Nebraska History Harvest, after the Civil Rights movement some musicians reminisced about the jam sessions that happen at these hotels, and the “sense of ‘togetherness’ they felt when they stayed there.”
|Patton’s Hotel was a widely-known Black-owned hotel in Omaha, originally located at 1014-18 S. 11th Street.|
The Broadview, located at 2060 Fontenelle Blvd., was listed as “Omaha’s finest” in tourist books for African Americans. The Patton Hotel was a popular institution located near South Omaha.
In addition to the Broadview and Patton, there were two other Black-friendly hotels listed in the Green Book. The Walker Hotel, shown above, was a repurposing of the original Jewish Old Folks Home and was located at 2504 Charles Street.
|An advertisement for the Booker T. Washington Hotel from a 1917 edition of The Monitor newspaper.|
Black-Owned or Operated Hotels in Omaha
Over the years before and after the Civil Rights Movement, there were several Black hotels in Omaha. They included:
- Booker T. Washington Hotel, 1719 Cuming St.
- Calhoun Hotel, 2423 Lake St.
- Dee Gee Apartments-2020-24 Burt St.
- Broadview Hotel, 2060 N. 19th St.
- Central House Hotel, Saratoga (N. 24th and Grand)
- Patton’s Hotel, originally at 1014-18 S. 11th St., then at 2425 Erskine St.
- Walker Hotel, 2405 Charles St.
- Warden Hotel, 817 N. 16th St.
According to Love’s Jazz and Art Center, musicians such as Cab Calloway stayed at Myrtle Washington’s at 22nd and Willis while others stayed at Charlie Trimble’s at 22nd and Seward.
|The cover of the 1947 Green Book.|
Black-Owned Tourist Homes in Omaha
Over the twenty years the Green Book was published, there were other options for African American travelers besides hotels. Throughout the years were called boarding rooms, Tourist Homes and rental rooms. Some of the ones listed in Omaha included:
- 2220 Willis Ave., operated by Mrs. Louis Strawther
- 2211 Ohio St., operated by Mrs. M. Smith
- 2207 N. 25th St., operated by Miss Willa Mae Anderson
- 2228 Willis Ave., operated by G. H. Ashby
- 2619 Caldwell St., operated by Dave Brown
- 2010 Lake St., Mrs. Mary Oerall
- 2530 Maple St., Mrs. C.H. Hicks
- 2817 Florence Blvd, The Johnson House
- 2020 Burt St., Dee Gee Apartment
- A History of Redlining in Omaha
- A History of African American Politics in Omaha
- A History of Racism in Omaha
- A History of Redlining in Omaha
- A History of Omaha’s Black African Nationalism Through Unity
- A History of Omaha’s Citizens Civic Committee for Civil Liberties, or 4CL
- Ernie Chambers
- A History of the North Omaha Riots
- Remembering North Omaha’s Vivian Strong
- The Negro Motorist Green Books, 1936 to 1966
|Another Black hotel at N. 19th and Nicholas Streets?|
|Another Black hotel was proposed at N. 18th and Webster Streets.|