I’m an amateur historian. Because of that, I make mistakes and learn, constantly. One of the things I’ve never known a lot about is architecture. However, because of my studies of the community I love through this blog and on Wikipedia, I have been learning different architectural styles. Using this page from the City of Omaha Landmarks Heritage Preservation Commission as a basis, I want to highlight a few of them here, and show places in North Omaha where they happen.
|The American Foursquare style is obvious throughout North Omaha.|
North Omaha’s predominant historical housing structure style may be the American Foursquare. Built from the 1890s through the 1930s, they were simple, large homes for lower middle class families. Basically square, they were two and 1/2 stories tall with a very boxy design. They featured a dormer in the center of the roof and often had a large front porch with wide stairs. Usually with arched entries between common rooms inside, they also had built-in cabinetry and Craftsman-style woodwork. These examples are on Evans St. near N. 25th.
Many of the American Foursquare homes in North Omaha were built as Sears houses, with complete kits shipped straight through the community on the Belt Line Railway, and then trucked into the neighborhoods. These homes can be found in several neighborhoods, including the Minne Lusa, Miller Park, Saratoga, Kountze Park, Near North Side, Long School, Highlander, Prospect Hill, Walnut Hill, Orchard Hill, Fontenelle, and Belevedre, among others.
Arts and Crafts and Craftsman
|North Omaha’s Charles Storz House at 1901 Wirt Street is a fine example of the Arts and Crafts movement.|
Charles Storz’s North Omaha home was built in the Arts and Crafts style. Simple, fine craftsmanship was everywhere in this home, including the design as well as the fixtures, fabrics, furnishings and more. There are exposed beams throughout the first floor of the interiors of the homes. There were also exposed rafter ends and eave brackets outside, holding up roofs with wide overhangs. Its located near N. 23rd and Wirt Streets. The entire North Omaha community was infilled with Craftsman style homes between 1910 and 1940, with one such example at 2448 Crown Point Ave. These homes, smaller than their Arts and Crafts cousins, were generally single-story, with many of the same features as the larger versions. However, they were mass-produced by the Sears and Roebucks Corporation, and have many repeating features.
|This magnificent North Omaha Colonial Revival style home is at 4811 Florence Boulevard.|
As you drive along Florence Boulevard, many historic styles pop out. One of the most distinguished is called Colonial Revival. Most of them have rectangular shapes and symmetrical appearances. They look like Colonial-era houses, bringing together columned entries, columns and more. Sometimes they will have full-width porches with slender classical columns, an front door that shines through and six or eight pane windows. This North Omaha example is on Florence Boulevard north of Ames Avenue.
|The Commercial Vernacular style of the old West is obvious at North Omaha’s Woerner Wire Works at 3008 Evans Street.|
One of my favorite styles of buildings in North Omaha is called Commercial Vernacular. Old commercial style buildings in North Omaha were built between 1860 and 1910, with flat roofs, flat fronts and few details or ornamentation. This example is located at N. 30th and Evans Street.
|Hard to find anywhere in Omaha, the Italianate style General Crook House is at North Omaha’s Fort Omaha.|
From the 1870s through the 1890s, the Italianate style was all the rage in Omaha for houses and commercial buildings. In homes, they were either square, rectangular, or L-shaped. They had two-stories with low-pitched roofs and wide eaves and tall narrow windows. There were usually small front porches, and sometimes a cupola on the roof. Few of these homes remain in all of Omaha. One of the hotbeds is Fort Omaha, where the officers quarters were in this style. The example here is North Omaha’s General Crook’s house.
Late Gothic Revival
|Late Gothic Revival is finely shown at Sacred Heart Catholic Church at 2218 Binney Street in North Omaha.|
Built like the European churches and castles of the Middle Ages, the Late Gothic Revival style brought major English and French work to the United States. Heavy buildings, these schools, houses and churches, often used heavy bricks and other masonry. They can look like mini-castles, and often have towers or other battlements. The Sacred Heart Catholic Church is a perfect example of what this looked like in North Omaha at N. 22nd and Binney Streets.
|The Sherman at 2501 North 16th Street reflects the Chicago World Fair’s commitment to Neo-Classical design, live in North Omaha right now!|
Built in 1897, the Sherman Apartments were one of Omaha’s first apartment buildings. Built just a few years after the monumental Chicago World’s Fair of 1893, they were designed in the Neo-Classical Revival style. Made to echo the ancient Greek and Roman architectural orders, there are pedimented porticos, large-scale columns, and frequent arches throughout. The Sherman is symmetrical, as are more Neo-Classical Revival styled buildings. Buildings are usually symmetrically arranged and are often of large proportion. Other buildings in the area in this style include the former Calvin Presbyterian Church building along N. 24th Street, and the John E. Reagan house in the Kountze Place neighborhood.
|St. John’s A.M.E. Church at 2402 N 22nd Street in North Omaha is nationally regarded for its Prairie Style design.|
North Omaha’s St. John’s AME Church is a stellar example of Prairie Style architecture. With low, horizontal proportions and sheltering overhangs, the church has a stone belt course that highlights the horizontality of the building’s design. The Bethlehem Baptist Church at N. 21st and Browne reflects this style, too.
|Built in the Queen Anne style, the John P. Bay House is at 2024 Binney Street in the heart of North Omaha.|
The Queen Anne style sought to exude opulence and success. With turrets, dormers, a number of chimneys and wide, wraparound porches, they were obvious and immodest. One of the most lavishly designed homes in North Omaha, the John P. Bay House, is a prime model of the Queen Anne style. Its asymmetrical, picturesque and uninhibited. Popular in the late 1800s, Queen Annes showed the world how successful families were becoming.
|North Omaha’s Romanesque style Holy Family Catholic Church is at N. 18th and Izard.|
With semi-arched windows and doors, the Romanesque style was popular in the late 1880s and early 1890s. With a massive, solid feel, the use of turrets added to the strength of this style. The Holy Family Catholic Church is pictured here. I also like the houses on Izard at N. 18th Streets. Beautifully designed, they are late 1890s and proud of it.
Spanish Renaissance Revival
|Spanish Renaissance Revival on exhibit near N. 37th and State in the Florence neighborhood of North Omaha.|
Tucked away in North Omaha’s Florence neighborhood is a fine residential example of the Spanish Renaissance Revival Style that was all the rage across the U.S. in the 1920s. The style includes curvy gables, small niches around the buildings, tile roofs, and decorative carvings and moldings. Houses are generally stucco-walled with tile roofs. The home near N. 37th and State streets shows many of these characteristics on the exterior. There are other fine examples scattered across North Omaha, including the Minne Lusa neighborhood and others.
|A former adapted commercial space in North Omaha that was designed in the Art Deco style is located at 2202 Ames Avenue.|
Period Revival Styles
North Omaha is also packed with Period Revival style structures. Built between the turn of the century and World War Two, they were built to look like buildings from across the U.S. and around the world, both in modern times and older ones, too. These houses, and others, include unusual and picturesque appearances, with different shapes and materials projecting different effects as the builder thought was important. Styles throughout the community include some of the following:
- The Buford House at 1804 N. 30th Street was built in an adapted Tudor style, along with the Miller Park pavilion further north on N. 30th St. A smaller version of the Tudor style is called the Minimal Traditional, with a prime example located at 5337 North 25th St.
- The Fred M. Crane House at 6141 Florence Boulevard has a Spanish Colonial design that is distinct in the community.
- The Margaret Apartments along N. 16th are a simplified example of Jacobean style.
- A Dutch Colonial Revival house is located at 5024 Florence Boulevard, with several others in the neighborhood surrounding it.
- The Mid-Century Modern style is obvious in North Omaha’s St. Richard’s Catholic School and Rectory.
Please leave any comments, including ideas and criticisms, below! Thanks.
Here are some of the catalogue pages for Sears Catalogue houses that can be found across North Omaha. They reflect many of the styles mentioned above. These homes arrived in the community between 1908 and 1940, they were ordered through the mail and sent to Omaha via railroad. Coming as completely cut, ready to build packages, they would travel along the Belt Line Rail Road, and then be trucked to the neighborhoods.
|The Avalon by Honor Bilt was one of the many Sears house designs popular in North Omaha. With six bedrooms and a bathroom, it was available for $2,598 and arrived ready to build.|
|This is the Crescent, an Honor Bilt design from the 1920s.|
|The Dover was a Sears Honor Bilt house, with similar versions apparent throughout North Omaha.|
|The Shelbourne is similar to many of the homes in the Saratoga neighborhood in North Omaha, between Florence Blvd and the highway, north of Ames.|
|The Fullerton was either very popular or very influential in North Omaha, as homes identical to it can be seen throughout the community.|