A History of the Florence Boulevard in North Omaha

This is a history of North Omaha's Florence Boulevard by Adam Fletcher Sasse for NorthOmahaHistory.com.
Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska

The first boulevard in Omaha’s extensive system was it’s most spectacular for a long time. Extending from downtown Omaha along North 19th Street, it became North 20th Street and then, from Ames Avenue to J.J. Pershing Drive, became a hallowed place in history called “Omaha’s Prettiest Mile.” This is a history of Florence Boulevard in North Omaha.

A Dusty Road to Old Towns

Winter Quarters Road, Omaha City, Nebraska Territory
Winter Quarters Road is shown on this 1859 map of Omaha City in Nebraska Territory. This became known as Florence Boulevard.

Before it took off, the little town of Omaha City had a northward route shooting out to another riverside city to the north. Originally called Winter Quarters Road, it became known as the Florence Road. Moving through the flat prairies on an area of land called a bench, Florence Road crossed the North Omaha Creek, went to the Kountze brothers’ land, past the boom-and-bust town of Saratoga, and onwards to Florence. It was originally a wagon road covered with dust and ruts, and while it was used a lot, it wasn’t the best ride in the area. A horse-drawn carriage could travel about 4 miles per hour, so it would take more than an hour to ride to today’s Florence neighborhood, a 10-minute car drive.

Between the 1850s and 1880s, that was the norm, until the late 1880s when it changed.

A Nationally Famous Designer Is Hired

Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is a circa 1910 postcard called “The Prettiest Mile in Omaha Boulevard,” featuring Florence Boulevard.

For decades, Florence Boulevard was Omaha’s first and finest parkway. Standing at the corner of Cuming Street and Florence Boulevard in the Near North Side, it’s hard to imagine this straight-laced ribbon of pavement was ever called “Omaha’s Prettiest Mile Boulevard” and “Omaha’s Most Beautiful Mile”, and was lined with flowers, fine buildings, and special events from downtown all the way to Read Street where it ends. But that is the case.

Charles Martin House, 4811 Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
This 1925 pic shows the home of developer Charles W. Martin, located at 4811 Florence Boulevard.

Designed by nationally-renowned landscape architect Horace Cleveland, Omaha’s Prettiest Mile got it’s original name in 1892. Created for leisurely carriage rides northwards to a beautiful district of homes, it was straight and wide, with a median running its entirety, and the first street lamps in the city lighting the way. Eventually renamed for the town near it’s northern terminus, the boulevard runs along the top of a long cliff for much of it’s route.

A Founding Father’s Niece

This is Florence Kilborn (c1854-1867), namesake of the Florence neighborhood.

Named after Florence Kilborn, the niece of James C. Mitchell, who organized the Florence Land Company in 1854, the town of Florence was at the north end of Florence Boulevard. However, before the Town of Florence was named as such, it was originally settled in 1846 and built up as Winter Quarters. That’s why the road that became Florence Boulevard was originally called Winter Quarters Road, as evidenced by the cutaway image from an 1856 map.

Winter Quarters Road originally ran through the Parker Farm, established in 1860 by Florence pioneer James Monroe Parker. Parker was a banker and real estate mogul, and his family left an indelible mark on Omaha that is still visible today. Part of the Parker Tract – an 80-acre chunk of land south of Florence – became Miller Park. The other part became the Minne Lusa and Florence Field neighborhoods.

Designed to be a beautiful drive out to Omaha’s new Miller Park, it featured glorious views from the hundred foot cliffs that leaped up from the flats laying west of the Missouri River. First by carriage, horse, and bicycle, Florence Boulevard later became popular with early car drivers.

Sam Swanson Home, 4823 Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
The Rome Miller Home was built at 4823 Florence Boulevard in 1898. Shown here in a 1907 newspaper spread, the home stands beautifully today with a lot of historical integrity. Pic courtesy of Sam Swanson.

Tall cottonwood, willow, ash and elm trees along the boulevard looked over the river bed’s red oak, hickory, hophornbeam and redbud trees. Attractive homes and elaborately flowered medians lined the length nearest to Miller Park, and the boulevard became known as “The Prettiest Mile”. The boulevard was smooth and level, and without street car rail tracks crisscrossing it, it was no wonder that Florence Boulevard was also called “the only suitable driveway in Omaha.”

More Than A Street

Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is the entire route of Florence Boulevard, from Cass north to the Minne Lusa Boulevard into Miller Park.

The city started building Florence Boulevard in October of 1892, from Ames Avenue to just north of Kansas Street. The boulevard anticipated the construction of Miller Park. Within the next decade, a road between Chicago and Ames Streets was improved with landscaping and added to the boulevard. In 1897, the Omaha Park Commission took authority of the boulevard. It was named Florence Boulevard that year.

Standard Oil Company Gas Station, Florence Blvd and Ames Ave, North Omaha, Nebraska circa 1915
This Standard Oil Company gas station was opened on the northeast corner of Florence Boulevard and Ames Avenue circa 1915. There was a Standard station there through the 1980s.

In 1912, Omaha spent $6,000 to maintain Florence Boulevard. Starting at N. 19th and Chicago Streets, at this point the Boulevard went west to N. 20th Street, north to Ames Avenue, and onward to Miller Park. Around that year, Florence Boulevard was the first roadway in Omaha to be fully lit with electric lamps.

US Senator Edward R. Burke, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is United States Senator Edward R. Burke in the driveway of his home at 6129 Florence Boulevard.

Along the boulevard, there are four parks and a lot of historical places. The Trans-Mississippi Exposition was located on the spot of the modern Kountze Park. Cliff View Park looked over East Omaha and the Missouri River. Miller Park, with its beautiful lagoon, was located at the north end of the boulevard.

There is at least one house along Florence Boulevard that’s much older than the boulevard. Built in 1869, the Fort Omaha House is located at 6327 Florence Boulevard. It was moved to the boulevard in 1890.

Trimble Castle 2060 Florence Boulevard North Omaha Nebraska 68111
This is the Trimble Castle at 2060 Florence Boulevard. Built in 1909, it stands today at the intersection of Florence Boulevard and Burdette Street.

Other historical places along the boulevard include the George H. Kelly House at the intersection of Wirt Street and Florence Boulevard. It had been recognized by the City as an official Omaha Landmark. The Broadview Hotel at 2060 Florence Boulevard was built in stone reflecting the English Scottish Baronial Revival architecture. It features crow-stepped gables, crenellations, and a small turret. It served as a Black hotel for at least 50 years. The Memmen Apartments, at 2222 Florence Boulevard, were built in 1889 and still reflect a magnificent commitment to strong architecture in Omaha. For fifty years, the Omaha Presbyterian Theological Seminary sat calmly along the boulevard at Emmet Street.

The boulevard also had its share of sports facilities too. The Kountze Place Golf Club was located at Florence Boulevard and Emmet Street, and was a nine hole course that was organized in 1899 and lasted for just two years, through 1901. Nearby was the Kountze Place baseball grounds, which included a large grandstand and well-kept field between Miami Street and Locust Street. It operated from the 1880s through the 1890s.

Parkwood and Norwood Additions

The Parkwood and Norwood Additions along Florence Boulevard north of Ames Avenue are one of the most highly-regarded places in North Omaha. More than a two dozen particularly beautiful homes designed by architects in several distinct styles line the distance northward. There are Colonial revival, Second Spanish revival, Neo-Classical, Tudor revival, and many other era-specific revival style homes, as well as American Foursquare and Arts and Crafts movement homes.

Parkwood and Norwood are separate subdivisions along this northern section. Norwood extends from Ogden Avenue to Redick Street, and Parkwood goes from Redick to Reed. Norwood was developed first, then Parkwood. The ad for Parkwood above mentions this at the bottom of the graphic.

There are medians separating the boulevard from Ogden Avenue northward to Redick, then the roadway is shared to Reed. The medians are manicured places, with wonderful trees and flower beds still in some locations along the way.

White Rose Gas Station, Florence Blvd and Miami St., North Omaha, Nebraska
This National Refining Company station on Florence Boulevard and Miami Street sold En-ar-co motor oil and White Rose gasoline in this 1923 pic. It was located in the Kountze Place neighborhood.

Today, there is a movement in Omaha to renew Omaha’s boulevard system. Here’s hoping they’re successful, and that they don’t neglect the North Omaha components of the system, including Florence Boulevard!

The Tunnels of Florence Boulevard

I try to base everything in this blog on sources of some type that can be confirmed and accessed by other people. However, I believe there’s a role for storytelling.

That said, I have not found any official information to corroborate what I’m going to share here. However, since I was a teenager growing up near the Florence Boulevard’s most northern section, there have been stories and rumors and conjectures about the tunnels of Florence Boulevard.

Most often, the story says that on the east side of Florence Boulevard there are several old houses that have tunnels beneath them. There are a few stories about why they’re there:

  • Livery stables: Built in more dainty times, homeowners along the Boulevard had tunnels made to allow their horses to stay warm and their bodies not to get cold going outside. There are supposedly small rooms along the tunnels for storing grain and tack.
  • Moonshining: During Prohibition, several of the homes along Florence Boulevard were used for running illegal liquor. Moonshiners used the small storage rooms for their stills, and dump their mash into a little creek that ran at the bottom of the cliff. That creek ran into a pond at the bottom of Horseshoe Bend, and as the story goes, “the feds knew there were stills upstream because the fish in that pond were huge.”
  • Partying: During the Roaring Twenties, svelte upperclass parties were held in the fields at the base of the cliff. On warm summer nights, party goers would roam down the tunnels and into the fields, where bright incandescent bulbs would light a mowed patch of grass, and the swirls of old-fashioneds and other illegal booze. A phonograph or radio would crank out rags while fancy men and pretty ladies would party away the evenings.
  • More Parties: Later, in the 1950s and 60s, wayward souls would sneak into the tunnels. More than once, a fire was started that would smoke out the houses above, so most of the tunnels were sealed.

According to one account, most of the tunnels had concrete walls, with at least one that had dirt walls. There were old style electric lines for lights along the walls, and a lot of names and dates carved in the walls with dates from the 1920s and 30s.

There are other stories about sinkholes opening up in the driveways along Florence Boulevard, revealing hidden rooms and tunnels. One home had a spectacular sunroom that revealed copper piping for no reason, and when pursued they led to a false wall with a room behind it. Another former homeowner along the Boulevard talked about bricked-over doorways in the basement and old electrical lines heading east out of the basement towards what they thought was nothing.

In my own experience, when I was young my dad used to take us on night hikes into the fields below the cliffs. We’d roam through the woods and tall grasses there in the night and check out the creepy things, mostly by moonlight. There were two barns and an old military halftrack vehicle down there, along with some dead cars and stuff. One night we found a tunnel behind some boards, and we let ourselves in. Over the next several years, we went back there a few times, each one going further into the scary abyss. One day we got there and it was boarded up tight, and we never came back again. Its hard to say whether the tunnels along Florence Boulevard have all the heritage these stories imply. They might have been utility tunnels; they might have been frivolous; they might have been nefarious; they might have been all this. But they were there.

If you have any stories about the tunnels—or better still, photos—please share them with me.

Modern Times on Florence Blvd

Florence Blvd and Ames Ave, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is a “now-and-then” comparison graphic of the intersection of Florence Boulevard and Ames Avenue, circa 1910 and in 2015.

As it was designed by Cleveland, Florence Boulevard was part of a grandiose boulevard system that ran throughout north and south Omaha. Unfortunately, Omaha’s civic leaders lost their vision for those boulevards, and it shows. The boulevard system remains today, although minus the park-like setting for the majority of its length. The last remainder of landscaping along Florence Boulevard remains from Ogden Avenue north to Reed Street.

The Memmen Apartments were built in 1889 on Florence Boulevard in North Omaha, Nebraska.
The Memmen Apartments were built in 1889 at 2214, 2216, 2218 and 2220 Florence Boulevard in North Omaha, Nebraska.

The Garden Homes Apartments were built in 1949 by the Omaha Housing Authority with funds from the federal government. Located along Florence Boulevard between Emmet and Spencer Streets, and they were designed by Leo Dworak and built by Carl C. Wilson, Inc. There were originally 100 units there. In 1980, they were renovated and turned into the privately-owned Horizon Townhomes, and continue standing right now.

A Tour of Florence Boulevard

For the sake of this historic survey, there are three sections of Florence Boulevard in Omaha. The first part is in North Downtown Omaha and extends from Cass Street to Cuming Street. The second part spans from Cuming Street to Ames Avenue. The third part goes from Ames Avenue to Read Street.

First Section

Second Section

Third Section

  • McGranahan / Gillette House, 4802 Florence Boulevard
  • John / Charles Martin House, 4811 Florence Boulevard
  • Rome Miller Mansion, 4823 Florence Boulevard
  • Site of Stroud Mansion, Browne Street and Florence Boulevard
  • Miller Park Neighborhood History
  • Miller Park, Florence Boulevard and 24th Street
  • 5216 Florence Boulevard
  • Burke / Wood House, 6129 Florence Boulevard
  • Gustafson/Gnader House, 6140 Florence Boulevard
  • Brenner/Dennison House, 6141 Florence Boulevard
  • Ruyf House, 6531 Florence Boulevard
  • Westbrook House, 6532 Florence Boulevard
  • Fort Omaha House, 6327 Florence Boulevard
  • Litz House, 6453 Florence Boulevard

You Might Like…

Public Places: Florence Ferry | Florence High School | The Mormon Tree | Florence Water Works | Mormon Bridge | Florence Boulevard | River Drive | J.J. Pershing Drive and Monument | Potter’s Field
Businesses: Vennelyst Park | Bank of Florence | Florence Mill | Florence Depot
Houses: Parker Mansion | Brandeis Country Home | Lantry-Thompson Mansion | Mitchell House
People: James M. Parker | James Comey Mitchell | Florence Kilborn
Neighborhoods: Winter Quarters | Florence Field | Wyman Heights | High Point

General: Kountze Place | Kountze Park | North 16th Street | North 24th Street | Florence Boulevard | Wirt Street | Binney Street | 16th and Locust Historic District
Houses: Charles Storz House | Anna Wilson’s Mansion | McCreary Mansion | McLain Mansion | Redick Mansion | John E. Reagan House | George F. Shepard House
Churches: First UPC/Faith Temple COGIC | St. Paul Lutheran Church | Hartford Memorial UBC/Rising Star Baptist Church | Immanuel Baptist Church | Calvin Memorial Presbyterian Church | Omaha Presbyterian Theological Seminary | Trinity Methodist Episcopal
Education: Omaha University | Presbyterian Theological Seminary | Lothrop Elementary School | Horace Mann Junior High |
Hospitals: Salvation Army Hospital | Swedish Hospital | Kountze Place Hospital
Events: Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition | Greater America Exposition | Riots
Businesses: Hash House | 3006 Building | Grand Theater | 2936 North 24th Street | Corby Theater

Listen to the North Omaha History Podcast show #4 about the history of the Kountze Place neighborhood »

National Register of Historic Places Historic Districts in North Omaha: 24th and Lake Historic District | Benson Downtown Historic District | Country Club Historic District | Dundee/Happy Hollow Historic District | Fairacres Historic District | Fort Omaha Historic District | Minne Lusa Historic District | Nicholas Street Historic District
Historic Neighborhoods in North Omaha: Bedford PlaceBelvedere Point | Bemis Park | Benson | Briggs | Bungalow City | Carter Lake, Iowa | Central Park | Clifton Hill | Collier Place | Creighton University | Crown Point | DeBolt | Druid Hill | East Omaha | Fairfax | Florence | Florence Field | Fort Omaha | Fontenelle View | Gifford Park | Gold Coast (Cathedral) | High Point | Jefferson Square | Kellom Heights | Kountze Place | Little Russia | Long School | Malcolm X Memorial | Miller Park | Miller Park Duplex Historic District | Monmouth Park | Montclair | Near North Side | North Downtown Omaha | Omaha View | Orchard Hill | Plum Nelly | Prettiest Mile in Omaha | Prospect Place | Raven Oaks | Redman | Saratoga | Sherman | Squatter’s Row | Sulphur Springs | Ponca Hills | Wakonda | Walnut Hill | Winspear Triangle | Wyman Heights
Lost Towns in North Omaha: Benson | Briggs | DeBolt | East Omaha | Florence | Saratoga | Sulphur Springs

Elsewhere Online


The history of Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
The Prettiest Mile in Omaha Boulevard was renamed Florence Boulevard, and the rest is history… Click here to listen to Show #17!
Fort Omaha House, 6327 Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is the 1869 Fort Omaha House at 6327 Florence Boulevard in North Omaha.
Campion House, 513 Florence Blvd, Omaha, NE
This was the Campion House at North 19th and California Plaza. Creighton University demolished it in 2021.
Arch of the States, Florence Boulevard and Pinkney Streets, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is a drawing of the Arch of the States, which was supposed to be a permanent fixture at Kountze Park in North Omaha. It was located on Florence Boulevard at Pratt Street from 1898 to 1899.
E.E. Litz Residence, 6543 Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
The E. E. Litz Residence is located at 6543 Florence Boulevard. Its quality is typical of the architect-designed homes along this section, once known as “The Most Beautiful Mile in Omaha.” It was designed in 1908.
Imperial Sash and Door / Oliver Farm Machinery / Lozier Corporation / Omaha Housing Authority, 4402 Florence Boulevard, North Omaha, Nebraska
The Imperial Sash and Door Company built a factory at N. 24th and Boyd St. on the Belt Line Railway in 1919. They went bankrupt in 1932, and the Oliver Farm Equipment Company factory moved in. The Lozier Corporation moved in by 1945, and stayed there for a long time. Omaha Housing Authority moved in during the 1990s.
Prettiest Mile in Omaha, North Omaha, Nebraska
Looking south on Florence Boulevard just north of Ida Street in the Prettiest Mile section.
J. F. Bloom and Company, Florence Blvd and Ames Ave, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is an exterior ad from the J. F. Bloom and Company showroom at Florence Boulevard and Ames Avenue in 1941. They manufactured monuments, markers and mausoleums here for more than 100 years, then moved to Council Bluffs in 2018. Pic courtesy of JF Bloom and Company.
This is an image of the Arch of the States, which was supposed to be a permanent fixture at Kountze Park in North Omaha. It was located on Florence Boulevard at Pratt Street from 1898 to 1899.
This is an image of the Arch of the States, which was supposed to be a permanent fixture on Florence Boulevard at Pratt Street. Instead it was just there for two years.
White Rose Gas Station, Florence Blvd and Miami St., North Omaha, Nebraska
This National Refining Company station on Florence Boulevard and Miami Street sold En-ar-co motor oil and White Rose gasoline in this 1923 pic. It was located in the Kountze Place neighborhood.
Boulevard Tearoom (1930s), North Omaha, Nebraska
Located at Binney Street and Florence Boulevard, 2919 Florence Boulevard is a 3,000 square foot house is STILL high style! Built in 1909, its eclectic style mixes Neo-Classical, Arts and Crafts, and Tudor Renaissance for a beautiful result. All through the 1930s, the Omaha World-Herald listed all sorts of social activities happening at the Boulevard Tearoom at this address.
New Boulevard Grocery Store, North Omaha, Nebraska
The New Boulevard Grocery was located at Florence Boulevard and Sahler Street from the 1920s into the 1950s.
Built in 1887, the Stephenson and Williams Livery eventually became a moving company warehouse and more. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2022.
Built in 1887, the Stephenson and Williams Livery eventually became a moving company warehouse and more. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2022.


  1. At some point, the Parkwood subdivision became the Norwood subdivision, and instead of being sold by Norris and Norris, it was sold by Norris and Martin.

    Parkwood and Norwood are separate subdivisions with Redick being the dividing line.
    Norwood was first then Parkwood. The ad for Parkwood mentions this at the bottom.


    1. You are absolutely right James! I often write these articles late at night, and my self-editing can be lacking. Thanks for catching this error – I’ll make edits right away.


  2. I was photographed in Miller Park making the biggest bubble I have ever done. I used to live on Florence blvd. House #5618.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Thank you for sending all the great memories of north Omaha. Brings back a lot of memories. I dived there from 1941 till 1956. Loved it.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. I lived at 6901 Florence Blvd. in the early to mid 1940’s. We were told that some of the homes on the blvd. were part of the underground railroad. I have wonderful memories from the time we lived there.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I’m glad you have great memories Susan. I’ve heard the Underground Railroad myth too, and after researching it I found that in reality, there were no houses on Florence Boulevard before 1867 when the Underground Railroad ended. The myth likely grew from the tunnels that were along the east side of the Boulevard that I explore in my article. Thanks for sharing though!


    2. Susan I live at 6901 Florence Blvd now. I would be very interested to hear what the house was like when you lived here as people have made many changes to it over the years.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Oh, Jeanie, how wonderful to her from you! I can walk through the house room by room in my memories. There was a huge old cherry tree right behind the house in the back yard and Mom would make pies and jam from the cherries. There was also a small tree just outside the sunroom and I loved to hang by my legs upside down on one of the branches. To enter the house, you first walked into a screened in porch, then into the small entrance hall. I don’t remember if there was a coat closet but if there was it would have been immediately to the left as you entered. To the right was the living room not separated by a door or wall, but open. As you walked through the living room you next entered the dining room with a small 4 season sunroom to the right. There was either an archway between the LR and the DR or it was open because I remember the two rooms as being basically an open area. If I remember correctly, there were french doors separating the sunroom from the dining room. Next, turning left out of the dining room you entered the kitchen. The kitchen was small of course as they were in those days but it as large enough to have room for a small table and 4chairs. From the kitchen you could go out the back door to outside. There was also a small hall from the kitchen back into the living room and a door to the basement. From the living room there was a stairway to the second floor. At the top of the stairs, the one bathroom was to the left. There was a short hall with three bedrooms. The bedroom facing the street was a large master bedroom with windows to the street. The midway bedroom facing the neighbors house was small with one window. and the last bedroom faced the backyard and was very small. This was my bedroom. I could lean out the window and pick cherries off the tree! But the most important thing about this room was that it had a small closet with a window facing the neighbors house. The window was low enough that I could sit on the floor and look out. I loved to do that…just being by myself and imagining…whatever! All of the upstairs bedrooms had dormered ceilings that sloped from the wall to the ceiling proper. There was a one car garage, unattached to the left and back of the house. My Dad had a huge garden down below the house in the back. We kids (at the time I had an older brother) would walk alone the railroad tracks and wave to the engineers when the trains came through and pick snake grass and make chains with it.

        I still have my Mother’s desk that she had in the living room. Our one phone sat on it and you gave an operator your number to call! Can you imagine that? Not even a dial pad at that time.

        I hope this helps you somewhat. It was a wonderful neighborhood. We were the last street before country at that time. The boulevard was lovely with large Dutch elm trees planted in the median for as far as you could see up and down the street. After we moved they had to be all cut down because of Dutch elm disease. Our house was a bungelow style but there was a mixture of architecture styles in the neighborhood. I imagine most of the houses were built in the 20’s-40’s, so our house would have been relatively new when we lived there.

        Susan Lathrum
        Delavan, Wisconsin


  5. I currently live on Florence Blvd. The Blvd. has medians populated with trees all the way to Read street. There is one block of shared roadway from the road connecting Florence Blvd to Miller Park (also named Florence Blvd).
    I believe the Dutch Elm disease took out many trees on the Blvd, and much younger trees have taken their place. It’s still beautiful though!

    Liked by 1 person

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