A History of the Omaha Auto Speedway

This is a photo of the grandstands at the Omaha Auto Speedway, circa 1917. The pic is courtesy of the State Historical Society of Missouri.

Between 1910 and 1917, North Omaha was home to the Omaha Auto Speedway, a raucous racetrack for racers who wanted to have a great time. Packed with famous drivers and fans from throughout the surrounding region, it should be no surprise that it was a smash while it lasted. It all came to a fast end when the U.S. entered World War I.

The Early History of Racing in Omaha

Omaha Driving Park, North Omaha, Nebraska
In the 1880s, the Omaha Driving Park hosted buggy races and other events. This picture shows the buildings on the site, including stables, a gazebo and the grand clubhouse. Not pictured are the grandstands that sat 1,000 people. Located west of N. 16th and Commercial Avenue, these buildings stood through the 1898 Trans-Mississippi Exposition.

North Omaha had hosted the city’s racing fanatics since the days of horse buggies whipping around an oval track in the 1870s. It was during that decade that the Omaha Driving Association was founded, and opened the Omaha Driving Park at North 16th and Commercial Avenue. Over the years, that park expanded and contracted, hosting races and growing feral in equal turns.

After the 1898 Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition used the Omaha Driving Park for Buffalo Bill’s Wild West shows, the track was overgrown. However, in 1910 it was cleaned up again and hosted racing for a few years, including a velodrome and a wooden track. However, it wasn’t enough.

In 1910, the city’s racing elite formed a new enterprise to host the country’s most famous car racers. That year, the Omaha Auto Speedway opened in the area then referred to as East Omaha, and now called Carter Lake, Iowa. It was along Redick Drive from North 7th Street would be to North 13th Street. There were no homes and only dirt roads there, and the track was only accessible by North 9th Street.

Building the Track

Omaha Auto Speedway, North Omaha, Nebraska
This is a 1915 diagram of the Omaha Auto Speedway. Shown are the track, parking options, the entrances and the grandstand.

The Omaha Auto Speedway was also called the Carter Lake Raceway and the East Omaha Racetrack. Reachable by car and streetcar, the track was a short distance from the 16th and Locust commercial district, where the streetcar line ended in that period. The developers of the Omaha Auto Speedway were excellent hype men. Era newspapers described the speedway like it was a Mecca for all things racing. The first construction was led by Omaha builder Fred Petersen, who built the Omaha Auto Speedway using locally-made Stroud machines.

The track was 1.25 miles long. It was described as being made of 2x4s turned on edge, “smooth and perfectly set.” It had a concrete base, and was pitched at 10 degrees across the entire thing, with 42 degree angles on the corners. Drivers could keep throttles open the entire length, and the speed was massively faster than flat tracks. With the wooden slot track, there was no mud, dirt or dust either. The promoters hyped the short 1.25 miles track as ideal for viewers, too.

The grandstand was almost 1,500 feet long and built to seat 3,000 people. The grandstand had 200 box seats along the track’s edge, offering 1,600 people the chance to see the race up close. Every other seat was “guaranteed an unobstructed view,” and the promoters proclaimed that, “any seat in the grandstand is choice.”

Everyone else stood in the infield or along the edges of the track.

Going to the Races

Omaha Auto Speedway, North Omaha, Nebraska
A racer at the Omaha Auto Speedway in 1916, with a section of the grandstands in the background.

The first races at the Omaha Auto Speedway happened in July 1915. A two-day event drew thousands of people and filled the grandstands immediately.

Promoters anticipated the first race of the 1915 season as having 75,000 attendees and promoted it as a massive event. Apparently, their anticipation wasn’t disappointing. Racers were showoffs and daredevils, banking turns at 45 degree angles and taking the entire track at full speed. Drivers came from across the United States on a national circuit, including Ralph DePalma, the winner of the 1915 Indianapolis 500. Future WWI and WWII flying ace Eddie Rickenbacker raced at the Speedway for the opening race in July 1915.

Closing the Track

Omaha Auto Speedway, East Omaha, Nebraska
A 1910 advertisement for the Omaha Auto Speedway squarely locates the track in “East Omaha”, which we refer to as Carter Lake, Iowa, now.

After successful races from 1910 through 1917, the 1918 race season simply didn’t happen. Almost all of the racers headed off to fight in World War I, and there just weren’t drivers anymore.

Several of the best drivers of the era were killed in the Great War. Those who did come home didn’t find a track waiting for them in Omaha, and the Omaha Auto Speedway was closed.

The legacy of the track was obvious in the Sunset Speedway though, which operated in Omaha for more than 70 years afterward.

Today, there is no sign the track ever existed.

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Bonus Pics!

Carter Lake Race Track
This is the location of the Omaha Auto Speedway, also called the Carter Lake Race Track.

This is a great documentary about board track motorcycle racing in the U.S., showing what the races at the Omaha Driving Park would have looked like in the 1910s.

A 1910 ad for the Omaha Auto Speedway.
Omaha Auto Speedway, East Omaha, Nebraska
A 1915 ad for the 300 Mile Automobile Race at the Omaha Auto Speedway.

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