A Biography of North Omaha’s Dan Desdunes

This is a 1913 image of the Dan Desdunes Band in Omaha.

Dan Desdunes was The Man. For more than 20 years, he was the leader of Omaha’s powerhouse music scene. He also launched several musicians’ careers, volunteered around the community, and was well-thought of throughout his life. But even before he got to Omaha, Desdunes made waves ripple in Louisiana.


Early On In NOLA

Dan Desdunes (1870-1929) was born in New Orleans. He eventually led his own popular band and the Boys Town Band, and lived out his life in North Omaha.
Dan Desdunes (1870-1929) was born in New Orleans. He eventually led his own popular band and the Boys Town Band, and lived out his life in North Omaha.

Born in 1870, Daniel F. Desdunes came from a strong Creole family in New Orleans. His father, Randolphe Desdunes, was recognized as a leader among the New Orleans Creole community. He was an author of a Creole history, and was highly respected in the community. The elder Desdunes was the founder of the Comite des Citoyens, or Citizens’ Committee

Young Desdunes went to Straight University and studied music. He learned to play violin, cornet, trombone, and the trap drums when he was young, and co-founded a New Orleans band called the Coustaut-Desdunes Orchestra before he moved to Omaha. Desdunes was also a music teacher in New Orleans.

Desdunes was also an early civil rights fighter. As a member of the Comite des Citoyens, he was involved in the first lawsuit challenging the segregation laws in the United States. Participating in a campaign led by his father and others, in late 1891 he boarded a segregated street car and was arrested immediately. Although his case was ultimately thrown out, young Desdunes’ action laid way for Homer Plessy two years later.

Desdunes was a member of the Société des Jeunes Amis, a black fraternal organization in NOLA, and also became a member of the Onward Brass Band. Bandmaster P.G. Lowery recruited him to be the orchestra leader and a member of the parade band P.T. Wright’s Nashville Students by 1897. During this era, Desdunes led the Peerless Orchestra with Laura Prampin, an African American woman, who was billed as “the one and only” Black female trap drummer in the United States. Desdunes was also reported to have, “purchased a slide trombone and started playing second trombone in Harry Prampin’s concert band.”


Moving to the Big O

This is a 1920 image of the Dan Desdunes Band playing during a parade in downtown Omaha.
This is a 1920 image of the Dan Desdunes Band playing during a parade in downtown Omaha.

According to an early source, Desdunes was working with a minstrel show when he was stranded in Omaha in 1904. Other sources say he choose the city. First working as a janitor, he became the manager of the billiards room in the Omaha Chamber of Commerce building, and began his conducting career from there. He eventually became the director of the Colored Knights of Pythias.

In 1908, he took over leadership of the Omaha Military Band, and renamed it with his name. The Omaha Chamber of Commerce named the Dan Desdunes Band “Omaha’s Official Band” in 1918. The band traveled a lot, going on official trade trips, to state fairs, county fairs, good will trips, and events across the United States.

According to Jesse Otto,

“The word ‘jazz’ first appeared in The Monitor, Omaha’s black weekly newspaper, on November 3, 1917, less than a year after the first jazz recordings were made. This word was used in an advertisement for a charity ball at which the music was to be provided by the Desdunes Jazz Orchestra. This band was led by Dan Desdunes, who was described as the ‘father of negro musicians of Omaha’ in Harrison J. Pinkett’s 1937 manuscript, An Historical Sketch of the Omaha Negro.

Reports from Desdunes’ era said there was no music groups among Omaha’s African American community before he came to town. During his life, he organized a successful production called “Forty Years of Freedom”; appeared as a violin soloist in a joint concert between the Episcopal churches of the city; produced his “Lady Minstrels,” his “Buster Brown” and his signal triumph, “Manager Buster Brown.” His plays, which he composed and presented, were declared artistic successes by the press and public.

During their career, the Dan Desdunes Band also played Black formal events, Black parades and pageants, and Black athletic competitions throughout North Omaha. Desdunes’ son Clarence, who was born in 1895, graduated from Tech High School in Omaha. After that he moved back to New Orleans to become a violinist and conductor, and was a colleague to Jelly Roll Morton and Danny Barker.

This image of the Dan Desdunes Original Concert Band was circa 1920, and came from the Big Mama's collection.
This image of the Dan Desdunes Original Concert Band was circa 1920, and came from the Big Mama’s collection.

Boys Town Band

This is Father Flanagan's Boy's Town Band with Dan Desdunes on the far left, Paul Whiteman in the middle, and Father Flanagan in the black coat on the right.
This is Father Flanagan’s Boy’s Town Band with Dan Desdunes on the far left, Paul Whiteman in the middle, and Father Flanagan in the black coat on the right.

Desdunes launched a lot of projects and careers. One of his biggest legacies was the Boys Town Band.

In 1917, after visiting the Boys’ Home in Omaha, its founder Father Flanagan asked him to start a band. From that year until he died, Desdunes was the conductor of the Boys Town Marching Band, leading them on several national tours with performances in many major cities, including New York City. They also got to perform for Phillip Sousa when he visited Omaha, and were led by Paul Whiteman, a world-famous conductor in the 1920s.

Another of the careers Desdunes was responsible for was a drummer named Simon Harrold. He joined Desdunes in the early 1920s, and formed a massively popular band after Desdunes passed away.

After his death, the band continued for a number of years with different conductors, still using Desdunes’ name. In 1954, they celebrated their 50th anniversary.

This is a 1922 image of the Dan Desdunes Band playing at a festival in Omaha.
This is a 1922 image of the Dan Desdunes Band playing at a festival in Omaha. Desdunes is in the middle with the white hat.

Personal Life

Desdunes’ father died in 1928 while staying at his son’s home in Omaha.

The Desdunes family lived exclusively in North Omaha. Their first home was at 2120 North 24th Street, in the apartments on the second floor next door to the Fair Deal Cafe; their other home was at 2516 Burdette Street.

Desdunes was active in Omaha’s fledgling Civil Rights movement, too. For instance, in 1919, he joined Rev. John Albert Williams of St Philip’s Episcopal Church and newspaper publisher Thomas P. Mahammitt in forming Omaha’s Colored Commercial Club, a kind of Black enterprise organization promoting Black businesses and supporting jobs for African American workers.

Dan Desdunes died in Omaha on April 24, 1929. He is buried with his wife in Forest Lawn Cemetery.


Compositions

  Some of Desdunes compositions include:

  • “Dandy Dancers Rag”
  • “Honey Bug Rag”
  • “Dixie Notions Rag”
  • “That Teasing Omaha Rag”
  • “Mexican Thot [sic] Serenade”

Another was called the “Happy Feeling Rag,” and above is a performance of this piece.


Related Articles

Elsewhere Online


Bonus Pics!

This is Dan Desdunes Band during a parade in Omaha.
Happy Feeling Rag (1912) by Dan Desdunes
This is the cover of Dan Desdunes 1912 single for The Happy Feeling Rag. The cover promotes Desdunes other singles, including “Dandy Dancers Rag”, “Honey Bug Rag”, “Dixie Notions Rag”, “That Teasing Omaha Rag”, and “Mexican Thot Serenade”.

Published by Adam Fletcher

An internationally recognized expert in youth engagement, Adam leads the Freechild Institute and SoundOut. He is also the editor NorthOmahaHistory.com; the author of Student Voice Revolution and twelve other books; and the host of the North Omaha History Podcast.

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